What is Opportunity Cost?

By Ananth Seshadri2 min read · Posted Jul 17, 2023


Opportunity costs describe missed opportunities and benefits when an investor, corporation, or start-up business chooses one economical method over another. However, opportunity costs tend to be overlooked because they disregard them due to their lack of immediate visibility. Using opportunity costs to analyze specific economic and financial missed opportunities when individuals choose certain investments over others can enhance problem-solving and decision-making skills from individual and collaborative perspectives.

How to Calculate Opportunity Cost

The formula represents the difference between the associated returns of each alternative.

Opportunity Cost = Benefits of ideal method - Benefits of Chosen method

Why are Opportunity Costs Important?

The analysis of opportunity costs from a business perspective is crucial as it plays an essential role in controlling the business’s capital structure, which is the mix of debt and equity that composes an organization’s finances. Additionally, due to opportunity costs, businesses can create more solidified and logical decisions as they consider all potential options before coming down to one. Through this process, companies can determine whether their chosen option will benefit them in the short and long term or whether there are better alternatives. Furthermore, opportunity costs will lead businesses to allot their resources further and more efficiently, allowing organizations and people to think about the benefits of different options carefully. Consequently, resources will be used more effectively and will be produced with less time and money.

Opportunity Cost Examples

In economics, an example of opportunity cost is when a business has to decide whether the production of its goods should be domestic or funded overseas. In this case, the opportunity cost would be the revenue lost from domestic production, as costs would increase if goods were produced locally compared to cheap overseas labor.


In conclusion, opportunity costs are crucial for a business to make proper decisions and solve complicated problems. With their analytic rationality, they help facilitate a business’s short and long-term success by allowing them to consider the outcomes properly and missed opportunities of all possible economic methods and investments. They provide a solidified baseline for companies to control their revenue and capital structure, exemplifying their versatility. Therefore, economic opportunity costs increase a company’s ability to make decisions and facilitate a company’s sense of rationality in analyzing all possible outcomes of choosing one method over another.


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About The Author

Ananth Seshadri


Hello, I am Ananth Seshadri, an Article Writer at Pitch Labs! I am interested in law and love to write articles about impactful topics. With my passion and dedication, I hope to captivate and inspire people in the present and future with my writing.

See more posts by Ananth Seshadri



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