What is Front-End vs. Back-End?

By Ayush Sagar3 min read · Posted Aug 13, 2022


What You Need to Create a Website

A website is necessary to get your brand across to customers. Two parts generally make up a website: the front and back end. Both depend on each other, as the back end gives information and data to the front end to display to the user. The front end then provides information entered by the user to the back end which stores it for later use. Almost all programming languages have frameworks, tools that somebody has made to make programming easier. For example, I can use Tailwind CSS to quickly create a style class instead of spending much more time using plain CSS to create the same thing. Front end and back end, combined with perfect structure and organization, can create powerful websites.


Front-end development focuses on the visual aspects of the website, such as the font, pictures, buttons, interactions, and animations. The developer must ensure that the site is responsive and performs as intended. The structure can be made with HTML, but it is wise to use frameworks as they can speed up the process and you can develop or make changes. Hence, anything the user can see and interact with would be known as the front end of a website.

Useful Tools for Front-End Development

  • HTML: HTML is a markup language that can be used to create the general structure of a website. Markup languages are a computer language that uses tags to structure elements in a document. HTML is used to create the structure of a webpage.
  • CSS: CSS creates the website's styles, such as fonts, colors, style, and spacing. CSS and HTML go together because once the HTML generates the text or image, CSS can change the visuals of it. The most popular frameworks for CSS are Bootstrap, Tailwind CSS, and Chakra UI.
  • Javascript: Javascript is primarily used to make websites interactive with animations, videos, and games. Javascript scripts can be easier to write if you use libraries and frameworks such as react.js, next.js, vue.js, and angular.js. These frameworks and libraries contain pre-written Javascript code that can be easily accessed instead of writing it all on your own.


Back-end development is related to a website's database/server side. The back-end can store and arrange data, and can also keep the site running by connecting front-end HTML with the domain. The user usually does not see any elements of the back end.

Useful Tools for Back end development

  • Python: Python is the new leading back-end programming language. You can use Python libraries and frameworks such as Flask and Django. Web applications are made using these frameworks and libraries.
  • Java**:**Java is used for web-based applications and server-side programming. Java is compatible with almost any operating system.
  • Ruby: Ruby is also a back-end programming language, and it is used to create web applications quickly. The most popular framework for Ruby is Ruby on Rails, which can help you do tedious tasks.


While coding the front end or the back end, it is essential to write clean, structured code as it will help you save time, and it will be easier to make edits later. For back-end programming, make sure to use object-oriented programming, as it is simple to make changes and create more robust code. In front-end development, frameworks and libraries for code are impressive and severely decrease your time to create a nice-looking front end. As such, the front-end and back-end are fundamental structures for creating influential websites.


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